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Celebrating Xmas at Sottoguda's 'barn market' Festive traditions, nativity scenes, concerts at Marmolada town. Vai a Vai a. Change cookie consent. Chiudi Condividi.The impeachment of Donald Trump appears to be a crisis without a history, at least a history that illuminates, not just comparisons with other presidential impeachments, but a history that provides historical lessons regarding its relationship to a previous age of tyranny that ushered in horrors associated with a fascist politics in the s.
In the age of Trump, history is now used to divert and elude the most serious questions to be raised about the impeachment crisis. The legacy of earlier presidential impeachments, which include Andrew Johnson and Bill Clinton, provide a comparative historical context for analysis and criticism.
As the bully-in chief, he weaponizes language into a tool of hatred and in doing so transforms politics into a spectacularized theater of bigotry, humiliations, and violence. There is a lesson to be learned here regarding how history is reproduced in the present. There are also more extreme views largely coming from Trump and his supporters. Some have argued that the impeachment process is pure theater — a staged theatrical hoax; Others such as Sens.
Lindsey Graham and Mitch McConnell have claimed that the process is rigged, and is an attempt on the part of the Democrats to win favor in the elections.
Trump himself has angrily dismissed the impeachment process as corrupt, and claimed, among other things, that he is the victim of a socialist plot.
It gets worse as Trump continues to produce a well-worn pattern of threats against his critics. He and his allies frequently respond to congressional Democrats involved in the hearing by weaponizing language, turning it into a vehicle of threats and intimidation. Language in this instance operates in the interest of violence, functioning so as to divert and punish. He writes:.
There are immediate consequences to such demagoguery, not least in the form of far-right terrorist attacks and violence carried out by people inflamed by this sort of rhetoric.
In addition, they mostly adhered to the empty tactic of providing balance while avoiding any attempt to tell the truth about a present that has collapsed into a disdain for human rights, enacts cruelty as an act of patriotism, justifies oppression in the name of national security, views undocumented immigrants as disposable, allows elections to be bought by the highest bidder, demonizes and threatens critics and regards the truth as a liability.
These include illegal wars, state sanctioned torture, the creation of black sites, economic policies that promote massive inequality and mass incarceration, an attack on public goods, and racist policies that undermine the very democracy. Both parties in different ways claim they are protecting the Constitution, whether in the service of defending Trump or attempting to remove him from office.
It was after all, President Obama who pioneered the role of assassin-in-chief to which Trump has now laid claim. All of these issues are largely absent from the questions and issues raised around the impeachment process and the conditions that made it necessary.
Democracy may be in crisis, but there is little or no indication from the media, ruling elite or established politicians that the impeachment crisis is more than a free-standing event and should be analyzed within a more comprehensive politics that flushes out the mobilizing passions of a fascist politics that has led to the Trump presidency and its reign of corruption, lawlessness and abuse of power. What must be rejected is the notion that the impeachment process signals a crisis rooted in a power struggle between the two established political parties, one of whom is at the forefront of the resistance to the growing authoritarianism accelerated by the Trump regime.
While there are significant political and ideological differences between both parties, especially given the fact that the Republican Party has been taken over by ideological extremists, these differences neither criticize nor condemn the ideological and economic foundations of a toxic neoliberal capitalism that has become increasingly more dangerous at home and abroad. For instance, both parties share in defending existing power structures and the most basic rudiments of the corporate and surveillance state.
While the Republican and Democratic Party share a fundamental commitment to the ideology and institutional structures of neoliberal capitalism, the Republican Party is far more extreme in its critique of the American press, judiciary, dissent and labor unions, and its support for reversing environmental protection laws. This is a party that has been more than willing to engage in a Faustian bargain with incipient authoritarianism. If the Republican Party once stood for basic principles such as small government, family values, fiscal soundness and national security, that is no longer true.
Instead its most paranoid and racist elements now control the party. Theodor W.
On the “blond beast” and racism [Section 28 of Nietzsche and the Nazis]
Lindsey Graham. McConnell publicly denounces the impeachment process and as an unabashed defender of Trump states that he will work hand in hand with the Trump administration on the impeachment process. And that should terrify you. The fact is that the G. Neither political party offers a substantive challenge to the military-industrial complex, or views capitalism as the enemy of democracy if not the planet itself.
In different ways, both parties have hollowed out democratic institutions and cozied up to dictators. In addition, neither party historically used the impeachment process to indict George W.I cannot forecast to you the action of Russia. It is a riddle, wrapped in a mystery, inside an enigma; but perhaps there is a key. That key is Russian national interest. Tags: forecastyouactionRussiariddlemysteryinsideenigmathere.
Day is a snow-white Dove of heaven That from the East glad message brings. Night is a stealthy, evil Raven, wrapped to the eyes in his black wings. Tags: DaysnowwhiteDoveheavenEastgladmessageNightstealthy. Thou Royal River, born of sun and shower In chambers purple with the Alpine glow, wrapped in the spotless ermine of the snow And rocked by tempests!
Tags: RoyalRiverbornsunshowerchamberspurpleAlpineglow. In rural England, people live wrapped tight in a cocoon; only their eyes move to make sure that nobody gets more than themselves. Tags: ruralEnglandpeoplelivetightcocooneyesmovenobody.
It is a riddle wrapped inside a mystery inside an enigma. But perhaps there is a key; that key is Russian national interest.
Tags: forecastyouactionRussiariddleinsidemysterytherekey. And like a dying lady, lean and pale, Who totters forth, wrapped in a gauzy veil. Tags: dyingladyleanpaleWhotottersgauzyveil.
A cossack's whip wrapped in the parchment of a constitution. Tags: whipparchmentconstitution. I can remember what I ate. Coconut squares dipped in chocolate, wrapped in gold paper. Tags: canrememberwhatateCoconutsquaresdippedchocolategold.
At very best, a person wrapped up in himself makes a small package. Tags: bestpersonhimselfmakessmallpackage. There is an upstart crow, beautified with our feathers, that with his tiger's heart wrapped in a player's hide supposes he is as well able to bombast out a blank verse as the best of you: and being an absolute Johannes Factotum, is in his own conceit the only Shake-scene in a country.
Tags: Thereupstartcrowbeautifiedourfeatherstiger'sheartplayer's. When fascism comes to America, it will be wrapped in the flag and carrying a cross. Tags: WhenfascismAmericaflagcarryingcross. A scientist said, making a plea for exchange scholarships between nations, "The very best way to send an idea is to wrap it up in a person.
The idea of divine love was wrapped up in a Person. Tags: scientistmakingpleaexchangescholarshipsnationsbestsendidea. He's getting wrapped up before the game and iced down after it.As I stated above, I think the best way for us to proceed on this issue is to reach some kind of agreement as to whether the views we're debating are views of a minority or majorityand of what or whom.
Unfortunately, the comment has gone unheeded. Factchecker atyourservice talk1 July UTC. Fascism is considered right wing. A Google books search for "fascism right wing" gave 4, hits. Moreover, left-right terminology fails to being out that ideologies are better seen as multidimensional, and that at some levels there can be significant overlaps between ideologies. Eatwell, One recent definition from a major commentator holds that:'fascism was primarily a new variety of authoritarian conservatism and right-wing nationalism which sought to defeat the Marxist threat and the political liberalism which allowed it to exist in the first place' Soucy, Such a definition completely fails to see fascism's radical side.
In an attempt to solve this problem, others have seen fascism as 'neither left nor right', as a doctrine of the 'revolutionary centre' notably Sternhell's major works, The problem here is the opposite one; such approaches fail to see fascism's right-wing aspect. Anarchangel talk5 July UTC.
Gates of Vienna News Feed 6/27/2020
Unless you assert your own expertise, it is important that we deal with reliable sources, and those sources agree with the statements I just made. By the eay, Encarta is specifically not a reliable source. Thank you most kindly. Collect talk1 July UTC. This article is not for "Popular Politics" but for an encyclopedia, and therefore we must use the best secondary sources possible to give a scholarly article.
Po water down to summer levels
The task is to get the article right - not to further "conventional understandings. And since we also have Schlesinger and others stating that a loinear spectrum fails is a "fallafy" if you prefer and since he was a noted expert, it would seem reducing him to being a "dissenting view" is highly POV. Recall the eighteen cites of releable sources ruthlessly purged already. Recall the old lede which was proposed as a compromise a long time ago by The Four Deuces which stated that "Historians disagree" which is clearly a proper statement.
Collect talk3 July UTC. Schlesinger was not just an "historian of nineteenth century America," so that is a specious argument. And since you proffer no cite for your claim about libertarians, and proffer no specialist expertise, we must rely on WP rules -- which is that we use reliable sources and cite what they actually say, not what an editor "knows.
Personal Attacks. Collect claims that he was personally attacked. My advice is that we concentrate on the arguments not the arguer. We should state that Collect's arguments are wrong or inaccurate rather than that they are misleading. It is possible that Collect actually believes what he states. BTW Collect if you check your facts before presenting them then people will be less likely to attack you personally.
It is human nature to assume that when totally inaccurate information is presented as fact that it is deliberate. I pass no judgment on this and assume that you were merely mistaken. The "consensus" historians define fascism as an ideology and the difficulty of classifying fascism relates to ideology not fascism in power.Xx talk13 January UTC.
With this edit I have tried to make the point that Anti-fascism is not actually a coherent political ideology and that various anti-fascists are irreconcilably different. To illustrate that this view is notable and deserves mentioning, I made this edit. The point of that second edit is that contemporary German antifascists, that oppose the post-reunification rise in far-right extremism would be seriously offended by being lumped together with the SED of the former GDR.
Any editor that takes issues with these edits is welcome to discuss them here. My work and real life commitments take priority so I'm not always able to edit on a daily basis. Regarding the source - can we establish that this is view is held within the broader literature? Being a reputable historian doesn't mean that the views expressed is necessarily representative. Also on closer inspection your version requires additional clarification as it appears to refer to policies of a specific period and not necessarily the movement as a whole.
Anti-fascist movements broadly construedpredates these events. Intermittentgardener : Although the new heading 'Origins' is a NPOV word I am unsure if it is suitable with the subsection in its current form.
The word 'Antifascism' appears to be in use already in to describe potential resistance specifically within the only existing fascist regime at the time, namely that of Mussolini. This usage thus predates the Soviet ab use as claimed by Davieswhich appears in the 'es as an all encompassing term. So the current heading can give the incorrect impression that the Soviet use of the word is the original use of the word, as opposed to a broadening of its definition. One solution could be to extend the 'Origins' subsection to specify that 'Antifascism' was used from by Mussolini to describe his "Organization for Vigilance and Repression of Anti-Fascism", or else to rename the subsection to try and hint at the Soviet usage.
Lklundin talk5 August UTC. The current section text is a bare bones summary of Davies. My first edit to this article tried to include my above point but the extra, introductory text was rejected as 'editoralising' and interestingly also as 'redundant' in the above discussion.
Lklundin talk. I came here from a notice board, it is my opinion that since the edit is contested that wp:undue states t "if a viewpoint is held by an extremely small or vastly limited minority, it does not belong in Wikipedia, regardless of whether it is true or you can prove it, except perhaps in some ancillary article.
If it is a great source then it should have something to back it. Here are some links about it from high quality sources: nytimes theguardian. With a brief search I did find it hard to find further information supporting the claim. Jadeslair talk14 August UTC. I have just modified 3 external links on Anti-fascism.
Please take a moment to review my edit. If you have any questions, or need the bot to ignore the links, or the page altogether, please visit this simple FaQ for additional information. I made the following changes:. Y An editor has reviewed this edit and fixed any errors that were found. I'm not sure precisely where this would go in the article, since usually only the title itself gets an IPA transcription, but without a separate article on antifa it would be good to have a pronunciation listed here.
While you may not appreciate the edits that I have made to this page, the source that I cited is by a well-respected author who is writing o the very beginnings of the Nazi movement in Enter your mobile number or email address below and we'll send you a link to download the free Kindle App.
Then you can start reading Kindle books on your smartphone, tablet, or computer - no Kindle device required. To get the free app, enter your mobile phone number. Robert O. Paxton taught at Columbia University. He lives in New York City. Would you like to tell us about a lower price?
What is fascism? By focusing on the concrete: what the fascists did, rather than what they said, the esteemed historian Robert O. Paxton answers this question. Historical analysis at its best. Read more Read less. Your guide to mental fitness. Kevin Hart breaks it all down. Listen free with trial. Kindle Cloud Reader Read instantly in your browser. More items to explore.
Page 1 of 1 Start over Page 1 of 1. The Wretched of the Earth. Frantz Fanon. Peter Kropotkin. The Marx-Engels Reader. Karl Marx. Hannah Arendt. The Human Condition: Second Edition. Benedict Anderson. Register a free business account. Review "So fair, so thorough and, in the end, so convincing, it may well become the most authoritative. A splendid book. Mussolini and Hitler were the prototypical fascist leaders, and Paxton chronicles their rise to power--and their global influence and ultimate fall--with a brilliant economy.
Serves as a reminder of our power and responsibility. Robert Paxton steps in to restore sanity, with his view that fascism is not what was believed but what was done.
A scholar of Vichy France, Paxton focuses here on the literature about fascism. The term is used with abandon in contemporary political discourse, reflecting scholarly disagreement about how to define it.
His historical source material predominantly emanates from Mussolini in Italy and Hitler in Germany, an obvious but necessary observation since the "fascist" status of other authoritarian regimes is contentious. Paxton does integrate biographies of the two ur-fascists into his dissection, but he comments frequently that a researcher's fixation on the leader obscures rather than clarifies the rise of his party, as does a propensity to focus on the party's ideology instead of its actions, and he follows the significantly different trajectories of radicalism taken by the Fascists and the Nazis.
Formulating a five-stage life cycle of fascism from birth in "mobilizing passions" provoked by World War I to its destructiveness in power, Paxton wants his intricate but readable work to "rescue the concept [of fascism] for meaningful use," a laudable goal largely achieved.It is clear what the Nazis made of them—an endorsement by Nietzsche of the racial superiority of the German Aryan type.
Nietzsche does believe that the Germans once, a long time ago, manifested the spirit of the lion—but they were not unique in that regard. The spirit and power of the lion have been manifested by peoples of many races. To see this, let us put one of the quotations in full context. So Nietzsche clearly is using the lion analogically and comparing its predatory power to the predatory power that humans of many different racial types have manifested.
Nietzsche here lists six different racial and ethnic groups, and the Germans are not special in that list. So while Nietzsche does endorse a strongly biological basis for cultures, he does not endorse racism of the sort that says any one race is biologically necessarily superior to any other. This is a clear difference with the Nazis. The Nazis were racist and thought of the Germanic racial type as superior to all others the world over. Nietzsche disagreed.
Go to the StephenHicks. I was first introduced to Nietzsche in college. My philosophy professor started the class with a disclaimer about Nietzsche NOT being an anti-semite using well chosen quotes. I was raised Catholic, I used to go to mass as a child, confess to imaginary sins, hear about how Jesus died for our sins, about the meek being blessed and I thought: is it just me or is this crap?
Finally, the answer was, yes, absolutely. I bought the whole book, as well as many others and enjoyed their iconoclasm. But still, a few things bothered me: why did he blame the Jews for Christianism?
Why was war and violence so great? Still I liked his analysis of self-deception and guilt and I let it slide. I mean come on : when he talks about the darker, lower races; the perils of intermixing different classes or races the advantages of abstinence what am I supposed to think.
Of course he is racist, of course he would have at least partially approved fascism, of course he was a sickly, frustrated and fairly neurotic unhappy man trying to keep up appearances.
Had he been born a couple of hundred years before, nobody would mind even today. Nowadays I just stick to hardcore scientists. Neither the meek nor the strong shall prevail.
We all know that an ecosystem needs an adequate predator to prey ratio to sustain itself. In any case, Nietzsche is old news. Marie-Claude Blais: I have a feeling that you have a tendancy not to pay attention, and to hear only what you are interested in. Finding the answer is not as important as understanding the question. If there were no Jews, there would be no Christians. The idea is along the same lines as purebreeding dogs: The best, most desireable traits in any animal, including man, can only be prolonged and perfected through breeding them to accept those traits as the genetic standard.
For a very broad example, if tall people are healthier, the idea is to not mix the genes of tall people with short people. Or, if taken to an absurd extreme, to not let short people breed at all.
Eventually all mankind will be tall, and their healthier traits will dominate the species, making the entire human race better as a result. FigmentImage Except that pure breed dogs are less healthy, and often plagued by debilitating and painful deformities and crippling hereditary diseases, where as mutts tend to live longer and be healthier over-all. They were supposedly the inferior race to the healthy dark Romans.
Go figure…. Nietzsche was super racist. These texts are hidden or manipulate by certain ideologists by ignorance or by mauvase foi. Thanks, Rowan. A quick response.